Today, there are functional, convenient and compact vacuum cleaners in almost every home and office (check staubsauger mit beutel test). They help to quickly and effectively clean the floors, carpet tracks, floor coverings, walls and windows from dust and dirt.
For most modern people this household device looks very familiar and familiar. However, not everyone who uses it on a daily basis knows about the vacuum cleaner presented below.
- The inventor of the vacuum cleaner is Daniel Hess, who developed in 1860 a unique mechanical device for dust removal, equipped with rotating brushes, fogs for creating airflow and two water filters. Created in a single copy, the model remained unique, not widely used.
- In 1869, the first mechanical vacuum cleaner appeared, the author of which was a resident of Chicago, Yves McCaffee. The device was very inconvenient in use, since the fan built into the device operated on the basis of a manual drive. At the same time, rotate the handle and move the vacuum cleaner around the room quite hard and tedious.
- The first vacuum vacuum cleaner, created in 1901 by the British engineer Cecil Hubert Booth and named because of the incredible noisiness of “Puffing Billy”, worked on gasoline and had a capacity of five horsepower. Differing in huge sizes and heavy weight, this device was transported on a horse-drawn cart and was not entered into the homes of customers. Working hoses (up to 30 m long), through which cleaning was carried out, were brought into the room through windows. Served a car team of four people.
- Immediately after his appearance, “Puffing Billy” received from the Royal Society of British Inventors an insulting title of “the most stupid invention” of the beginning of the century. Completely rehabilitate and gain credibility of the device succeeded, first cleaning the heavy ceremonial carpet in Westminster Abbey before the coronation of the new king, and then getting rid of the dust of the residential barracks of British sailors and, thus, putting an end to the plague epidemic.
- The tower model of a vacuum cleaner in 1907 was invented by the enterprising and creative janitor of the leather factory of William Hoover – American James Murray Spengler. He designed the device, taking a handle from a mop, a case with a fan built into it, and the most usual pillowcase where dust was collected. To improve the efficiency of equipment, James used a rotating brush.
- The first household vacuum cleaners were started in 1912 by a company belonging to the Swede Axel Wenner-Gren, now known as Elektrolux.
- In the city of Amarillo in the US state of New Mexico there is a museum of vacuum cleaners. Visitors are not only allowed to enter the building in dusty and dirty shoes, but also offered a vacuum cleaner so that they can clean up after themselves.
- During one of the space flights, while on board the Salyut-3 station, USSR pilot-cosmonaut Yuri Artyukhin saddled the vacuum cleaner and flew on it in a cab, using the jet movement of the device (the device sucks air in front and throws it from behind).
- While engaged in underwater diving at the North Pole in 2000, a group of Russian scuba divers, in addition to special equipment, took a vacuum cleaner with them. Warm air he breathed was used to heat tents.
- During a long flight, the astronauts are being sheared by a typewriter mounted on a vacuum cleaner so that the cropped hair does not scatter over the entire space station.