IBC stands for Intermediate Bulk Container or IBC tote, IBC tank, or IBC pallet tank, which includes a wide variety of environmentally viable reusable containers pertaining to the industrial grade which have been developed to hold contents for a large number of liquids, pastes, semi-solids, and solids. The IBC container is used for the management and handling, transportation, and storage of these materials. There are 2 kinds of IBCs
1.) Rigid IBC Tanks
* Pallet manoeuvrability and forklift design manoeuvrability is facilitated with the help of rigid IBC. It is a bulk container that is stackable, reusable, and versatile.
* The materials used in the construction of the tank include metal, composites of two materials, and plastic.
* The title ‘intermediate’ has been given to the tanks because their volume range of manufacturing lies somewhere in between shipping drums which are standard and intermodal tank containers. The IBC totes have a volume range between 110 gallons up to 793 gallons along with their federal shipping and handling mandates.
* These containers are presented with a UN/DOT certification as they are used for shipping hazardous, non-hazardous, packing group II and packing group III items. The IBC totes have federal and NSF/ANSI restrictions and are used for domestic and maritime transport. For the transport of flammable and combustible materials, metal alloy tanks are utilized and they meet the requirements of NFPA with a UL142 certification.
* The popular IBC tank that is used is called the re-use caged IBC. These are composite IBCs and are constructed using white/translucent plastic which comes from a high-density polymer and has tubular galvanized steel grids. They have a low cost, higher compatibility, and greater versatility.
* These IBC tanks have an integrated pallet base which is attached to their base and have standard dimensions. This base is crucial as they facilitate manoeuvrability through the handles of forklifts and pallet jacks. The design of rigid IBCs has the sole purpose of being stacked one on top of another with the use of forklifts. The tanks also come with the facilities of hoses at the base of the container in the form of a built-in tap. The contents of the liquid to be transported are gently poured into the tank.
2.) Flexible IBC Tanks
* The capacity of a standard flexible bulk container is 1,100 lbs to 2,200 lbs. These tanks are made from fibreboard, aluminium, wood, and foldable plastic. The folding IBCs are constructed using heavy plastic.
* The IBC can become a smaller package for return shipment and storage as the sides of the IBC fold towards the inside when the tank is not being utilized.
* Commodities such as sand, plastic granules, and fertilizers which are dry products that can flow. These are ideal for tanks made up of woven polyethylene and polypropylene.
* The spatial efficiency that is obtained in the bulk containers come from smart engineering techniques. The IBCs are developed in a cube shape which makes packing, storage, shipping, and space reduction which in turn reduce costs and improve profits during transport, handling, and storing.