HCG test measures the level of HCG hormones in the level of your blood. This hormone is found in your blood during pregnancy and the doctor may refer this test in the form of various names. An important point of difference exists between a Positive Beta HCG tests along with the urine tests that you are likely to find over the counter. In case of urine tests it can be influenced by dehydration and the particular time of the day you take the test. On the other hand a HCG blood test can figure out the exact results even when the levels of HCG appear to be on the lower side.
More about HCG hormone
When you are pregnant the cells in the developing placenta go on to produce HCG. You could term the placenta as the sac which would nourish the egg as it fertilizes and attaches to the uterine wall. After 11 days of conception the levels of HCG can be detected in the blood sample and they are going to double after 72 weeks. After around 8 weeks they are going to reach their peak. The levels of HCG decline and then level off which would remain steady for the rest of your pregnancy.
There are some reasons why HCG test is being performed
- To confirm the news of pregnancy
- To figure out the correct age of the fetus
- To detect possibility of an abnormal pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy
- Detect the chances of miscarriage
Before providing certain medicines to a mother so that no form of harm occurs to a developing baby a second beta test is conducted. An ideal example of such a test works out to be an x ray. If the HCG is of the view that someone appears to be pregnant, the health care professionals can ascertain that they are pregnant whereas the developing baby is not harmed by any of these medications.
A given set of conditions like ulcers could pave way for HCG levels to reach a higher level. The doctor may ask you to opt for this test as a part of the lab tests in order to gain a comprehensive idea about the various symptoms.
Though HCG finds its prominence among pregnant women, this hormone can also occur in men. With the presence of HCG in a man it can point to emergence of testicular cancer. For example if a man witnesses a lump in any one of their testicles or a doctor suspects a risk of testicular cancer they would be asked to opt for this test to detect the presence of HCG. If HCG is present in the blood of a man, then further tests may be suggested to ascertain the main reason behind them
To conclude the risks associated with such tests are pretty much nominal. In the place where you insert the needle a small amount of bruising might occur. You can minimize it by applying pressure on the spot for a few minutes.