Using outdated operating systems poses the risk of being exposed to various threats and attacks. Each release of an operating system, like Windows Server 2016, comes with measures to prevent such attacks. More users are embracing the use of Windows Server 2016 and a Windows Dedicated Server from ServerMania is a popular choice to host it.
If you’d wish to upgrade your OS to Windows Server 2016, here are the details you need to know.
History of Windows Server
Microsoft began shipping Windows Server 2016 in late 2016 after launching it at the Ignite conference. The technical preview first became available in 2014. On the surface, it seems like just another invention by the company.
However, within the short time of its existence, it has had a significant impact on the company’s operating systems.
Initially, Windows Server operated under the name NT Server. It came to existence as a server-side companion to other OS of Windows 1 to Windows 3.1. In 20 years, the server was subjected to several changes.
Among the notable changes was the introduction of the Workstation and Server labels in 1994. In 1995, support for the PowerPC computing architecture was realized. The focus was on the NT Server 3.51 since the server had outgrown its source.
With time, the company incorporated major applications and terminology. Terms like “My Documents” and “My Computer” came into existence with Windows 95. There was also clustering o failover and workload sharing instances.
Later there was the introduction of Active Directory. It’s still an active component of today’s Microsoft infrastructure. It was an essential component of Windows 2000 Server, which was later rebranded to Windows Server 2003. At this point, there was increased integration with .NET tools.
With Windows Server 2008, there was the inclusion of Hyper-V, which was the herald of the virtualization era. Integration of Office 365 created an all-new file system in the release of Windows Server 2012.
The Entry of Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2016 came as a successor to Windows Server2012 R2. It was released in October 2016, bringing to an end its software development cycle. It was also in the same year that the final code became available for download.
Microsoft, worked closely with the Docker development team to design some of the crucial features. They developed Windows Server 2016 to include several changes to the core operating system. The new features would double down on Microsoft products’ security.
It was also to protect the data used by the endpoints. It would also serve as a platform for running applications based on the network. Most importantly, it would facilitate the inclusion of two native containers. These are Hyper-V and Windows Server Containers.
The containers run directly on the operating system but in isolation. The Hyper-V containers enhance separation, running from a Microsoft Hyper-V virtual machine. The OS also has provision for built-in Docker, which manages both types of containers.
Key Features of Windows Server 2016
Unlike its predecessor, Windows Server 2016 has a ton of new features, but there are several that stand out. The new and updated features present in Windows Server 2016 are as below.
Nano Server is an installation that runs exclusively in the cloud and container-based scenarios. Nana Server doesn’t feature the traditional .NET framework and GUI. Administrators, therefore, manage the servers using Windows Management Instrumentation and PowerShell.
One of the concepts that come out openly with most operating systems is software-defined networking. It’s the practice of allowing a CPU to make decisions about traffic on the internet. It’s also responsible for managing the protocol network.
Windows Server 2016 makes it possible to segment applications via SDN securely. This happens because of new capabilities for mirroring and routing traffic flow. This feature aims to make Windows Server closely similar to how Azure works.
Network Controller is a server role that centralizes and programs the configuration and management of network devices and services. Network controller works with products like Virtual Machine Manager and System Center.
Storage Quality of Service
This feature provides a means for the central monitoring and management of storage. It automatically improves storage resource fairness among various Virtual Machines, using the same file cluster.
This is the point that introduces management of memory for VMs and virtual networking adapters. Windows Server 2016 features shielded VM that minimize data theft. It also prevents tampering by preventing inspection of videos and disks.
Other features of the OS include
- Windows defender
- Storage Spaces Direct
- PowerShell 5.0
- Failover clustering
With all these new features in place, the installation process has been modified. The essence is to ensure the Server Core Versions are also installed in the process.
Differences between Windows Server 2016 and Other Linux Distributions
Companies choose operating systems depending on their needs. For those that know how to use Linux, they can attest to the fact that it’s a little complicated to use. Managing other users and computers becomes complex.
Professionals depend on OS over the other. Windows comes across as the corporate choice because it offers minimal control over server environments. Linux, on the other hand, comes across as the gunslinger that liberates the users.
Linux is a free and open source that allows you to pick a host of other systems like Fedora and Ubuntu. Overall, Linux is more complicated to install and maintain. In comparison, Windows Servers offer the benefits of hyper-convergence, Nano-server, and software-defined network.
Windows Server 2016 was launched as an upgrade to other versions of Windows operating systems. A preview of it was made available in 2014. However, it was officially made available to the market in 2016.
The OS comes with quite many features not present in other operating systems. One of the elements is Nano Server that makes the management of window servers possible. Due to the many features available, the installation has also been modified.
If you find the installation process tedious, be patient with it. It’s been designed this way to ensure the OS captures all the features in the installation. As a company, you may want to choose between Windows Server 2016 and other operating systems.
The needs of the company and the convenience of use will influence the decision.
If you’re looking for cloud infrastructure that supports Windows Server 2016, Servermania is here to help. Just contact us when you’re ready.