Chemotherapy is a widely used treatment for cancer. The term chemotherapy also refers to the drugs which prevent different cancer cells from growing or dividing. This therapy is performed on the cancer patients and kills all the dividing cells in the body.
Chemotherapy makes the use of anticancer drugs to slow down or stop the growth of the cancer cells that divide themselves rapidly in the body. Chemotherapy in oncology cancer is considered to be one of the most common treatments to treat a number of cancers while proactively managing all kinds of side effects so caused in the body.
Under the chemotherapy, a wide range of drugs is used in order to kill all the cancer cells from dividing. The effectiveness of this therapy also depends to some extent on the stage of cancer that is being treated within the body. Although chemotherapy is a widespread treatment in oncology cancer, it may cause a few adverse effects which could be severe to the body of the patients. Of all these odds, the benefits of chemotherapy are many.
Chemotherapy may be used:
- As a primary treatment to destroy all the cancer cells spreading the body.
- Prior to another treatment of cancer in order to shrink a tumour.
- After another treatment to destroy any kind of remaining cancer cells within the body.
- To relieve all the symptoms of advanced cancer in the body.
Chemotherapy in oncology cancer is administered in the below-listed ways:
- Orally by mouth as a liquid or pill.
- Intravenously by the way of infusion into the veins of a person.
- Topically as a cream on to the skin
- By the way of injection.
- Via direct placement through a lumbar puncture or a device that is placed under the scalp of a person.
What does chemotherapy do?
Chemotherapy helps the body to fight with cancer in the following ways:
- It prevents cell division, impairs mitosis as in the case of cytotoxic drugs.
- It targets the food source of the cancer cells that consists of all the hormones and enzymes that they need to grow themselves.
- It triggers the suicide of all the cancer cells, also known as apoptosis.
- It helps stop the growth of new blood vessels which supply a tumour.
What to expect out of chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy is considered to be an invasive treatment which could have a number of severe adverse effects in the body. This is because the drugs so administered in this therapy not only target the cancerous cells but destroy other healthy cells of the body as well. The adverse effects of chemotherapy in oncology cancer could be a little worrying; however, if this treatment is started early, chemotherapy in some cases could achieve a complete cure and hence making all its adverse effects bearable for a number of patients.Today chemotherapy is available many cancer hospitals in delhi that provide the best service for the cancer treatment.
How long does chemotherapy last?
The duration of the lasting of chemotherapy is defined and specified by the cancer specialist or oncologist, depending upon the overall health condition of a person. The entire treatment of chemotherapy ranges from a single dose on one day to a few weeks which clearly depend on the type as well as the stage of cancer so caused.
The treatment could occur on one day which is further followed by a rest of a week, then another one-day treatment which is further followed by a rest period of three weeks. This process is repeated a number of times.