The most common and worse risk in terms of economic and human hardship is floods. The initiated method of hazard mitigation differs depending on the region that is affected. Disasters cause a lot of harm to the community as well as people’s death. Therefore, there has been a need for disaster management in Chesterfield County that helps restore people’s property. Floods are considered the major hazard to the US coastal areas. They cause huge damages to people and regions. Consequently floods become the main reason of numerous casualties. Therefore, there has been a need for disaster management programs, such as FEMA, which has been in action since 1999. Floods have been among the most expensive disasters. It is noted that the US spends billions of dollars in efforts to control the disaster and compensate the victims of floods. Chesterfield County, which is located in the coastal and piedmont regions of Virginia, is accustomed to floods. Two rivers, the James and the Appomattox have been noted to form the northern and southern regions respectively. The water that flows in Chesterfield County goes into the Chesapeake Bay, making most of the regions vulnerable to floods.
In order to manage this disaster and prevent future ones, several policies have been formulated. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has developed training programs that help individuals to vacate the coastal regions during heavy rains. It enables them to avoid risks of floods since they could lead to drowning as well as loss of property. The training programs are performed by the local and state officials in efforts to give educate local people on flood management. Alternatively, it is clear that floods are a natural disaster and may not be controllable because heavy rains could fall unpredictably. It could lead to huge losses when people are caught unaware. In order to avoid such risks, FEMA has come up with training programs to ensure that the residents of coastal regions are aware of such disasters in all times. It ensures that they do not drown reducing the cost of hazard mitigation. Even though disaster assistance does not restore the damaged property to its condition before the disaster, FEMA ensures that part of the property that was insured is compensated. Disaster management is essential to Chesterfield County as it helps to avoid the risk of floods. It is noted that floods are very expensive, since the cost of constructing a flood wall can exceed $50 million. Therefore, it calls for disaster prevention in a number of ways.
The US Federal Government makes it a condition for individuals living in the coastal regions of Virginia to ensure their property, in order to avoid huge losses in the case of floods. It also indicates that some housing aid is given through the household programs, which help to give housing assistance funds. The people who matter to this act are those who hold small businesses within the coastal regions. They are likely to suffer from huge losses if they do not partner with such programs. The FEMA training programs also help the residents in case of emergencies and help through training to avoid future emergencies and disasters. Alternatively, FEMA does a lot of work in Chesterfield county, which is noted to be prone to floods, especially during heavy rains. Rains increase the level of water in the two rivers, leading to overflow in the coastal regions. Some of this water moves into the residential areas, leading to floods as witnessed in the recent years. Therefore, it is the work of FEMA to ensure that the region is free from floods.
FEMA has a housing program that is an initiative towards disaster management. It is noted that floods leave thousands of people homeless. Therefore, there is a need for more houses. For instance, the nature of housing assistance differs depending on the previous one, before the disaster. There is temporary housing which is given by the agency. Repair, replacement, and permanent housing are also offered by this agency, depending on the depth of disaster. The agency also offers crisis counseling, disaster unemployment assistance, and other forms of assistance in order to ensure that all individuals who are faced by whichever type of disaster is compensated. Even though this agency cannot meet all the requirements of risk, it strives to meet a number of requirements. Alternatively, FEMA is a very essential tool in Chesterfield County. The agency also gives disaster loans to the residents as well as those with small businesses in the coastal regions of Virginia. The loans range from home disaster loans, business physical loans, and economic injury disaster loans, among others. All these have been noted to be vital tools in fighting risks in this region.
Chesterfield County also requires the Emergency Operation Plan (OEP) and flood hazard mapping in order to manage its disasters. FEMA is very useful in the identification of flood hazards, assessment of flood risks, as well as partnership with other states and communities in efforts to provide data that can be important in the flood mitigation programs. Flood mapping is an important initiative of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) since it reflects the flood insurance requirements. Such initiative also helps the disaster management team of this county in preparing for disasters and other disaster related risks. The updates of FEMA are maintained by the Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMS). Such information includes statistical records of river flow, rainfall surveys, storm tides, and hydrologic analyses, among others. FEMA uses this data to identify diverse flood risks of communities as well as create flood hazard maps that enable them to prepare for emergencies in case they happen. As noted earlier, the flood hazard maps also help to curb future risks.
After taking this course, I have understood that disaster management is very essential since it is the sure way of compensating lost property. According to Platt, the floods that are witnessed in the Fire Island are very severe and FEMA has been a very useful tool. Platt states that the Fire Island is characterized by floods just like Chesterfield County of Virginia. Therefore, Platt analyzes the tools of action after and before the floods take place. The Government vacates people who live along the coastal regions in order to minimize the cost of disaster mitigation. Change in weather is the main cause of floods in Chesterfield County region. The reason behind the change of weather has been the topic of discussion in various areas. However, scientists have confirmed that heavy rains are probable when the weather systems remain constant for a long time, especially during summer heavy wave and droughts. In addition, FEMA, which is a Government initiative, has provided aid to numerous individuals after the floods. It was noted that the residents of the Fire Island were rescued through Government aid projects such as FEMA, National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), and the Stafford Act, among others. The American Red Cross has also extended its aid to the residents of this region. The people around this area have been taught on how to ensure their safety before and after the floods.
Since it is difficult to predict when a disaster would occur, Platt also analyzes the strategies that have been undertaken by the Government in efforts to reduce future disasters. Some of these include the construction of inlets which help reduce the speed of the floods. It is noted by Platt that the flood water fills the two inlets before flowing into the dry area. Therefore, this is a sure way of preventing hazardous floods and ensuring the security of neighboring people. Disaster preparedness can also be achieved through education to relevant bodies. Disaster management agencies should develop disaster programs that can mitigate various hazards, prepare for measures that will minimize damage and preserve life, respond in the course of emergencies, provide aid, and establish a recovery scheme that will restore the community to its previous state before the onset of the disaster.
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