Dementia is a mental disorder where brain cells are damaged which leads to a loss of brain function. It is an umbrella term that encompasses a number of neurological conditions that effects the brain. It is a progressive disorder, meaning it worsens with time. Patients of dementia suffer from memory loss, are unable to make decisions, carry out day-to-day activities, understand information or communicate properly with others. It changes a patient’s behaviour and personality.
There are medication by PCD pharma company India that can provide some relief or control of the condition. But, it is important to understand that it is a degenerative disease. Hence, the focus in dementia is usually on coping and dealing with the condition. An essential part of coping with dementia is the understanding and education of the caregiver, friends and family.
Importance of Understanding Dementia
Dementia is different from other diseases in the way it can effect caregivers. The responsibility of caring for a person with a serious mental disability is compounded by its emotional and psychological aspects. The onset of dementia is accompanied with a change in behaviour and personality which can be distressing. The loss of memory can be so severe that patients often do not even recognise their family and close friends.
The loss of normal brain functioning means that the patient becomes more and more dependent on the people around him/her. Dementia is most prevalent in old age. In most cases, the primary caregivers is the spouse. This creates other problems because the spouse is often the elderly wife/husband of the patient who has to cope with the physical and behavioural effects of the disease. Understanding dementia and learning to cope can help them deal with their own role.
Dementia is also one of the most researched fields in medicine today. Progressive dementia like Alzheimer’s is incurable irreversible. Treatment focuses on helping with the symptoms. With many PCD pharma company India today focusing on treatment, we will hopefully find a way to cure or at least control its progression.
Tips in coping with dementia
Communicating: People with dementia cannot express themselves, understand simple information or make decisions. This makes communication very challenging. So, the first step is to improve communication. Make sure your body language is relaxed and positive. Speak slowly, carefully and in simple language. Ask ‘yes and no’ questions that are easy to understand. The patient will often get distracted, anxious or irritated. This must be dealt with calmly. If you find that the person is getting distressed, move on. Give them reassurance and love. You must have a balance of knowing when to leave a subject, when the patient is simply not responding or not understanding what you are saying.
Incontinence: Loss of bowel or bladder control occurs as the disease progresses. They best to cope is to ensure that the patient has a regular schedule. Make sure he/she goes to the bathroom every two hours. Regulate the fluid intake (but see that ether is no danger of dehydration), and ensure that the toilet is easy to reach and use. The patient can wear easy to remove clothes. You can also get incontinence pads from PCD pharma company India.
Wandering: Some dementia patients are prone to wandering. This can be dangerous when the patient wanders off without any escort or supervision. There is a danger of the patient getting lost. To ensure this does not happen, take some simple preventive measures, such as install locks that need a key or a monitoring system that can help you keep an eye on the patient when you are not around. You can also put away their essential items like glasses or purse that they need when stepping out. Tell your neighbours so that they can also keep an eye.
Agitation: Dementia patients often suffer from agitation that worsens as the disease progresses. It can come from their confusion or through their anger over the lack of control over their life. The first step is to acknowledge a dementia’s patient’s distress and anxiety. Then provide them with a clam and clutter-free environment with a set and predictable schedule. Soothing music, a loving touch and a clam acceptance by caregivers goes a long way in dealing with fraught situations.
Apart from these, you should also ensure a healthy and balanced diet for the patient. There are medications and supplements developed by PCD pharma company India to ease some of the symptoms like anxiety.