Foundation in terms of construction is referred to as the lowest part of the building or a civil structure. It is the one that comes in firsthand contact with soil. Foundation provides- overall lateral stability to the structure, evenly distributed load, a level surface for the construction of substructure.
As we know the importance of foundation to the building or to any civil structure, foundation drainage is a technique that helps the foundation to hold its ground harmlessly for years. Before understanding the crucial parts of good foundation drainage, you need to know what really foundation drainage do in the background for your structure.
A foundation drain is an exterior drainage system that is laid on the outer surface of the foundation. Foundation drains are laid simultaneously at the time of footing during the foundation phase of a structure. But if not installed, they can be installed later with the help of trenchless technology.
How Does It work?
The foundation drainage process must be done with real speculation and under reputed engineer guidance, you can connect with Foundation Crack Repair Maryland for precise guidance. Foundation drain will prevent the water from entering the ground floor or basement of the structure. Heavy rains and snow falls can increase the water level around the house and also leads to a spike in the groundwater level too. After that, concrete due to its porous nature will start absorbing water. Water seeping ability allows water to come through and hence leads to extensive damage.
Foundation drainage consists of- a pipe laid around the foundation, filter fabric, and a crushed stone mixture to prevent clogging the pores, and a sloped drain pipe connected to the stormwater system. Get in touch with Foundation Crack Repair Maryland for superior quality foundation drainage.
Parts of Foundation drainage that are of immense concern:
Areas that are prone to heavy rainfalls or have soil with poor percolation, necessarily need to install the surface drainage systems that will get rid of excess surface water from the surface. Surface drainage commonly includes sloped shores, open sewers, and grassed waterways.
Surface drainage is a planned process where you have to keep in account – land’s topography, the rainfall received, and the sort of soil. One thing to note here that this method can help in managing surface water problems. However, it will not help solve the groundwater problems. The commonly used technique here is known as grading, in which small slopes are built around your foundation and hence preventing water from accumulating on foundation surface.
The gutter system is one of the common and most ignored drainage mechanisms. Many people suffer from poor foundation issues just only because of their home’s poor gutter system implementation.
Gutters are long channels, narrow trough, or duct, which is situated on the lower edge of your roof. They are meant to collect all the water that falls on your roof either from rainfall or snowfall and ensures that collected water travels safely to the ground.
These channels are angled to direct water to the downspout. The curved end of the downspout ensures that the water is taken away from the home’s foundation.
Without a proper gutter system, water will start falling right next to your home and will pool up the foundation.
Subsurface drainage is commonly used for areas where soil takes too long on draining on its own. Foundation requires this sort of drainage to remove excess water getting accumulated under the surface due to heavy rains.
Home’s foundation may appear to be dry from the surface after rain but the materials used in building them can absorb a great amount of water. Moisture due to the water usually leads to defects such as large cracks or potholes.
So these were the three most crucial defense techniques that can be used if you want your foundation to stand strong. Always remember that professionals like Foundation Crack Repair Maryland do it better and try not to take things in your hands.