Birthstones or natal stones are gemstones that accompany a birth month. Each of these stones has a special meaning and historical significance. Birthstones became popular in ancient times when people believed that gemstones were powerful and could bring them luck, health, and prosperity.
In ancient times, Hebrew temple priests used breastplates that had 12 gems on them, which were in different colours. As time passed, these gems became to be associated with the Zodiac signs each of which represented a month of the year.
These colour stones symbolized good luck. People believed they were going to bring them better luck, happiness, and love. In the Roman Empire, people used to wear all 12 gemstones throughout the year, one for each month. They believed these gemstones possessed spiritual or even magical powers.
Today’s perception of birthstones associated with birth months differs from what people had in ancient times. For ancient people, colour was the most important gemstone feature, and they didn’t distinguish between gems as modern people do.
In 1912, the American National Association of Jewelers represented an official list of gemstones for each month with the birthstone for April being diamond.
April Birthstone ─ Diamond
Diamond is recognized as the most popular gemstone in the world and is the modern birthstone for April in the United States and in Britain, as well as in India. Besides, diamond was traditionally recognized as the birthstone for April in the old Polish and ancient Hindu (Ayurvedic) calendars. Before diamond was mentioned on these calendars as the gemstone for April, it was a zodiac stone for Aries, which falls partly on the month of April.
Diamond is the hardest gemstone found and is one of the most expensive. Though diamonds appear in a variety of colours, clear, white bright diamond is considered to be the April gemstone. It’s believed the April diamond brings good luck and if you wear it, you’ll be protected from misfortune.
Diamond not only symbolizes everlasting love, but it’s also believed to bring courage. In Sanskrit, the diamond is known as “vajra,” which stands for lightning. In Hindu mythology, vajra was the weapon of Indra, the king of gods.
As diamonds are associated with love, they can be chosen as perfect gifts for your loved one. Consider a gemstone jewellery with your loved one’s birthstone as a unique gift with personal significance.
One of the reasons diamonds are so admired and valued has to do with the process of their formation below the earth’s crust. Before people understood this process, many ancient civilizations believed diamonds were lighting that was made real on earth. That’s why people believe diamonds have great healing powers which allow them to be used as a cure for brain disease, pituitary gland disorders and can make the blood free of toxins.
Below you can read the properties attributed to diamonds:
Strength ─ Diamonds are the hardest natural material ever found on earth. Also, they are stable and don’t enter into reaction with most chemical ingredients. The name of the diamond means unbreakable in ancient Greek. There is an extremely strong bonding between the atoms of stone, that’s why the diamond is the hardest natural material found so far. It’s 10 on the 1 to 10 Mohs scale of hardness. The structure of the diamond makes it 58 times harder than anything in nature. The diamond can be cut only using another diamond.
Protection ─ Diamonds are excellent electrical insulators, that’s why it was believed that wearing a diamond could protect you from evil’s eye and negative energy. As early as in the 3rd century BC, diamonds were already used for the purpose of protection. A Chinese work dating back to that era states how foreigners wore diamonds believing that they could protect them from evil.
Purity ─ Thanks to their structural integrity or the strength of their lattice structure, diamonds don’t usually have major intrusions that can change them or make them less valuable. Specific impurities or foreign substances found in diamonds very often increase the value of these gemstones.
Diamonds are evaluated based on their cut, clarity, color, and carat. Which are know as the 4Cs of a diamond.
More About Diamonds
Diamonds are usually associated with wedding and engagements, but they are also ideal for those who want to wear gemstone jewellery each and every day, as well as for special occasions.
You can find diamonds in different colours such as yellow, red, pink, blue, and green. They range in intensity from faint to vivid. As a rule, more saturated color speaks of higher value.
Diamonds sparkling with intense colour aren’t widespread. They can be more expensive as compared to colorless diamonds of the same size. Since people so much prefer fancy-colour diamonds, colour is sometimes introduced in a laboratory. Such diamonds are known as colour-treated diamonds.
Some diamonds are called “ethical” or “blood-free” or even “cruelty-free.” This refers to diamonds obtained from war-free zones, as well as diamonds that are brought from environmentally responsible sources.
On today’s market, you can find both natural and synthetically made diamonds. It’s worth mentioning that natural diamonds are generally quite old, and can range 1 – 3.3 billion years old, according to Wikipedia.
Nearly half of the natural diamonds that can be found on the market are brought from the diamond mines in Southern and Central Africa. The other half comes from mines in Russia, Australia, Canada, Brazil, and India. The largest diamond ever found that had 3106.75 carats (1.37 lbs or 621.35 g) was from Africa. It’s known as the Cullinan diamond.
Diamond, the April gemstone, is considered the King of all Birthstones. Diamonds are the most precious of all gemstones. Choose a diamond ring from our collection as an ideal birthday gift for someone you love, especially if that special someone’s birthday is in the month of April.