Like nutrients are essential for people; similarly, good quality soil is necessary for healthy crops. Fertile soil contains all the nutrients and other materials such as iron, zinc, calcium, nickel, magnesium, sulfur, boron, molybdenum, and copper in smaller quantities that are basic for plant growth.
If you are interested in growing your garden, enhancing soil fertility is something you need to learn. Anyone can plant a few plants in the ground, but ultimately for healthy soil and garden that produces pleasant, edible food, it is a must factor. Many people also use brickies sand for agriculture or gardening projects as they are clean.
Hence, there are many ways or materials available in the market to improve soil fertility, and here we have listed some of them.
Natural fertilizers are derived from animal and plant waste or residues such as green manure, weed residue, crop residue, tree pruning, urine, compost, farm fertilizer, and others. These are used to fertilize the soil and play a vital role in the growth of nutritious plants.
However, plants contain three substances that define their quality of organic fertilizer:
Nitrogen: All plants get nitrogen from the soil or air and store it in their leaf roots and stems, which help them to grow further. Some plants absorb nitrogen well and are valuable organic matter or intercrops because they increase the amount of nitrogen in the soil.
Hence, crops with high nitrogen content have dark green leaves and make an excellent organic fertilizer.
Phenols: Phenols are material found in crops that make them decompose gradually. A plant with a lot of phenols will make a weak quality fertilizer. Different parts of plants contain varying amounts of phenols. If the stems hold a large number of phenols and fewer leaves, it is better to use only the leaves as fertilizer.
Lignin: When plants die, some decompose materials quickly release nutrients into the soil. Woody plants have a large quantity of lignin, which makes them decompose more slowly. But plants that decompose rapidly make better organic fertilizers because crops can use their nutrients earlier. Plants with a lot of lignin will rot more slowly and make a bad organic fertilizer.
Therefore, use the right organic nutrient for soil fertility as improper fertilizers can damage the soil. In this way, the crop will not reach its potential yield as well as decrease the producer’s profits. Also, monitor the nutrient content for growing the plant.
Synthetic fertilizers are artificial inorganic compounds generally derived from petroleum industry by-products or extracted from deposits in the earth. Inorganic fertilizers are mixed, purified, blended, and modified for secure handling and application. These materials are mainly non-carbon chemicals that get from non-living sources and are generally less expensive than natural fertilizers.
You can also use brickies sand for your gardening project as they are clean to use and act as nutrients in the growth of crops. In general, nutrients are more readily available to plants because they are more soluble in water or in a form that plants can use.
Liquid fertilizer: It is a kind of inorganic fertilizer which you can purchase online or from any store as a concentrated liquid or dry powder substance. Liquid fertilizers are commonly used for the starter solution for transplants or gardening, i.e., indoor plants. This fertilizing method is expensive as it is made from pure chemical substances.
Foliar fertilizers are another kind of inorganic fertilizer which you can purchase online or from any store as a concentrated liquid or dry powder substance mixed with water and sprayed onto plants. Foliar feeding is used when micronutrients are trapped in the soil, insufficient fertilizer has been applied before planting, rapid growth response is desired, or when the soil is too cold for the plant to use compost in the soil.
Remember that synthetic fertilizers can help release nutrients too quickly, create enormous, superior growth. Still, it does not support microbiological life in the soil and often washes out, as they dissolve quickly and release nutrients faster than plants.
The Bottom Line
Fertilizer refers to a commercial fertilizer containing one or more of the known plant nutrients, which is used primarily for the growth of the plant. Mainly soil fertilizers are derived from a numerous variety of manufactured, i.e., inorganic and natural, i.e., organic materials that are found in gaseous, solid, and liquid form. These materials are designed to be used or allegedly useful for promoting plant growth or increasing the levels of nutrients available in the soil.
Hence, the types mentioned above are great ways to enhance the soil fertility, and it’s worth investing some time in learning about these methods. Also, keep in mind plants need more than just nutrients to stay alive for the long term.