Your day will get as bad as it gets when your nose feels stuffy that you cannot seem to breathe well while having to endure a long and exhausting day. Your stuffy nose is probably due to allergies, colds, or flu, in which whatever your triggers are, thee symptoms will surely get you.
Of course, as someone experiencing all those symptoms, you would surely want to deal with the sickness as soon as possible, right? Thus, in this article, the home remedies and the over-the-counter (OTC) medications will be discussed to help you with the treatment of nasal congestion.
What is Nasal Congestion?
Nasal congestion or stuffy nose in layman’s term is often a symptom of a health problem, such as sinus infection. It is when your nose become stuffed up and inflamed, which is usually caused by a common cold.
Now, the nasal congestion is marked by having the symptoms of a stuffy nose, sinus pain, mucus buildup, and swollen nasal tissue. However, worrying about this condition is not necessary since especially illness-related congestion usually improves within a week.
On the other hand, if the congestion lasts longer than one week, then you might want to go for an appointment with your doctor since it is often a symptom of an underlying health issue. Here is some of the cause of long-term nasal congestion:
- Nasal polyps
- Hay fever
- Environmental irritants
- Chemical exposure
- Chronic sinusitis
- Deviated septum
Additionally, nasal congestion may occur during pregnancy, and it usually ends during the end of the first trimester. So, why does it happen? Well, that’s because of the hormonal fluctuations and increased blood supply of the pregnant woman, which eventually causes congestion.
Home Remedies for OTC
When your nose feels stuffy, and you keep on struggling for a breath of fresh air, you focus on drying your nose out to help clear up a runny nose, right? However, it might actually have the opposite effect since drying out the membranes will irritate the condition further.
What you actually need to do is to moisten your nasal passages and sinuses — wondering how to do it? Then read the discussion below for further information.
Keeping your nasal passages moist by doing the following actions:
- Using a vaporizer or humidifier
- Breath in steam from a pot of warm water or taking long warm showers
- To thin out the mucus, resulting in the prevention of blocked sinuses, you should drink a lot of water
- Try a nasal irrigator or bulb syringe
- Relieve discomfort and open your nasal passages through placing a warm, wet towel on your face
- Keep your head elevated to make your breathing more comfortable
- Avoid things that can irritate your nasal passages such as chlorinated pools
Over-the-counter medicines are your to-go-to medications for colds since most of the time a visit to the doctor is not immediately needed, and the OTC drugs do not need a prescription but can help tame your symptoms nevertheless.
Decongestants. The decongestants are a type of medicine which works by reducing the swelling of your nasal passage and ease the stuffiness. This medication comes as a nasal spray like oxymetazoline, naphazoline, and phenylephrine. There are also decongestants that come as a pill like the phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine.
When using decongestants, you should read the label written in the instructions of the medicine and follow it thoroughly to avoid any health complications. Do not use a decongestant you take by the month for more than a week without going to a doctor since you should not use a decongestant nasal spray for more than three days, else it would make your situation worse.
Antihistamine. This is the medicine that you should look for if allergies are behind your nasal congestions. Antihistamines control your symptoms by blocking the substance in your body called histamine, which is the culprit for your condition.
With this said, an antihistamine will help relieve your sniffling and sneezing. Medicines like Zyrtec-d tablet belongs to this class, which you can conveniently find at any local pharmacy that you can also purchase with a Zyrtec-d tablet discount coupon.
Now, in consuming this medicine, you should read and follow the label, then talk to healthcare professionals if you have any queries.
Pain relievers. The pain relievers will not help in clearing up your nasal congestion. However, pain relievers like ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen can ease the pain caused by the sinus pressure.
As usual, just like any medicines, follow the instructions and do not adjust your dosage according to your judgments.
Colds, allergies, nasal congestion, are almost of the same symptoms. However, it is essential that you know how to differentiate between them so that you will know the correct medicine to take, especially if you are self-administering as of the moment.
Additionally, if you think your cold or allergy is getting worse, then you should not compromise anymore and instead seek professional advice from a doctor.