Vaccines are the most important form of preventive care for pets and the most effective way to protect against serious diseases.
How do dog vaccines work?
If your dog is vaccinated against a disease and has interaction with the virus, their system has already known a natural reaction stopping the virus. The immune system recognizes antigens from early contact and activates a rapid defense response within several hours to neutralize the disease.
Prevention is better than cure
If your dog is not vaccinated, the following conditions can be very serious. Unfortunately, not all viral or bacterial diseases are available to treat, and despite advances in modern medicine, some dogs may not survive.
Most insurance policies require you to keep your pet’s preventive treatments up to date, so your policy is still valid to file a claim.
What do puppy and dog vaccinations protect?
- Canine Parvovirus
Parvovirus is a serious viral infection caused by the spread of saliva and feces between animals. The virus can live in the soil for up to a year, so it often lives in areas where the infected dog has been around for a long time. Unfortunately, humans can also carry the disease on their hands and clothes, causing vomiting, bloody diarrhea and dehydration in pets.
- Infectious Canine Hepatitis
Due to canine adenovirus (CAV-1), the virus affects many areas of the body and causes various and severe signs, although some dogs have mild symptoms that continue to spread the virus. When a dog comes into contact with a dog infected with saliva, urine, feces, blood or nose. The infected dog’s urine is contagious for up to a year, and the virus can survive for several months in the environment. Infected dogs may develop a cough, suffer from vomiting, have problems with their blood clots, become cloudy and exhibit a variety of other signs.
- Canine parainfluenza
Parainfluenza, an airborne disease that afflicts dogs with a severe dry cough, is closely associated with many other dogs.
Leptospirosis is a serious bacterial disease that greatly affects the dog’s liver and kidneys. It is usually caused by dogs interacting with contaminated water or other animal urine. Indications may include severe vomiting, fever, liver damage, tremor, dysentery, collapse, and jaundice. Leptospirosis is routinely diagnosed in pets who have an active outdoor lifestyle, and are at risk of contracting the condition as they may be exposed to contaminated water.
Do puppies need to be vaccinated?
When a puppy is old enough usually at eight weeks, they may have their first vaccine, followed by a second vaccination two weeks after completing the initial vaccine. Since it takes a while for immunity to develop, it is advisable to keep your pets out of high-risk areas for at least a week after the second vaccination.
How long can dog vaccination last?
After the initial dog vaccination, we recommend providing an annual ‘booster’ vaccine. It helps to remember your dog’s immunity to maintain the body’s defense against disease.
We do not need to promote every element of vaccination every year, as some of the immunity will last longer than others. For example, immunity to parvovirus is usually up to three years, but disease such as leptospirosis requires a yearly booster.
While it is safe to give vaccines on an annual basis, some owners prefer to test their immune status before vaccinating their pet’s blood.
If you adopt an older dog and do not know whether their vaccines are up to date, your vet can resume the vaccination process, even when they are a puppy. The best way is to ensure your pet is protected from serious illnesses.