A test plan is the detailed document with the description of the test strategy, schedule, objectives, resources, deliverables, estimation which are necessary to conduct software testing for specific software.
The test plan is useful in determining and understanding the efforts, which are necessary for verifying the software quality. This specific test plan acts as the blueprint for performing different software testing activities.
To begin with, you must understand what software testing is.
What is software testing?
Software testing is the technique of checking if a specific software product can match individual requirements, thereby assuring that the software is devoid of errors and bugs. It includes the execution of different system and software components with the aid of different automated and manual tools which are essential in evaluating different properties of interest.
Benefits of having a test plan
It is essential for business companies, offering QA Outsourcing Services to outline a test plan. It is useful to the people, present out of the software testing team, like business managers, potential customers, and software developers, to gain an understanding of different details of the software testing.
Software testing provides guidance for thinking. It is similar to a rule book, which should be followed. There are different aspects of a test plan which include test scope, test estimation and test strategy, which needs to be included in the test plan. So, the business management team will be successful in reviewing and re-using it for different projects.
Techniques to write a test plan
Are you planning to outline the test plan for the software? In this article, you can go through this step-by-step process to come up with a unique test plan.
It is not possible to draft a test plan without seeking information about the product and the software. Hence, it is essential to study different software needs and to analyze the system to start the creation of the plan. In this context, you need to research about the targeted audience, the client, the expectations and needs. There are specific questions; you need to ask yourself while creating the test plan. You need to ask what the benefit of the system, the objective behind the creation of the system, how the system will work, and different software development needs is?
Developing the software testing strategy
It contributes to being a crucial aspect of developing a software test plan. It will help if you remember that the test strategy document contributes to being the high-level document, created by the software test manager. This specific document is inclusive of different system testing goals along with the roadmap. In this document, you need to define the test scope. You also need to document different issues and risks, recognize the specific software testing type. In addition to this, you should produce different test logistics.
Outlining different test goals
You need to define different test objectives to conduct the test execution. The ultimate objective of software testing is finding a wide array of software errors and bugs, thereby assuring that the software is devoid of all bugs. As you think of documenting and interpreting the test objectives, it is essential to follow specific steps. You need to list different functionality and features of the system, which is inclusive of the user interface and performance. Besides this, you need to recognize the result and target, following the specific features.
Drafting the test criteria
The test criteria refer to be a standard or rule, based on which the specific software test procedure is conducted. There are two different kinds of test criteria which should be solved. In the suspension criteria, you need to mention the critical suspension criteria, as required for the test. Once the different suspension criterion is accomplished, the active test cycle will be suspended. The exit criteria of the test plan should accomplish a successful test phase completion.
Planning resources are recognized to be the task in which you need to include the detailed summary of different resources, which are necessary to execute a specific project. Such resources are inclusive of software and hardware resources, people, and different materials which need to be used. It is essential to conduct resource planning as it includes different resources, which are necessary for running the software projects successfully. It is beneficial to the software test manager for creating the correct schedule. It is useful in defining different accurate estimations, which are necessary for running the software testing project.
Stating the test environment
The test environment contributes to being the prerequisite combination of software and hardware, in which the software test team will execute different test cases. This environment happens to be a real-time instance which is inclusive of physical and user environment.
Scheduling and estimation
When the project is in the test environment stage, the test manager uses different techniques to estimate the project. There are different IT firms which adopt the task of breaking the software development into different small tasks, thereby adding estimation to every task. In addition to this, it is essential to have the right estimation for the execution of every task.
Apart from this, you should make sure to have the right estimation for the execution of different test cases. Besides this, the test manager requires different inputs, such as project estimation, project and employee deadline, project risk.
Governing different test deliverables
The software testing deliverables comprise of different components, documents, and tools which are developed for supporting different testing efforts that are carried by the software testing team.
The software test deliverables are inclusive of different design specifications, plan documents, execution logs, bugs, errors, simulators, test procedures, installation, and execution logs.
In test planning, the test manager needs to prepare the test plan after which they would share it with different stakeholders for the review. In the test plan, you need to state how the process of software testing will be carried out; the factors should be considered during software testing, the environment in which the software testing should be carried out.