Reinforced concrete is one of the most extensively used modern construction materials. Concrete is an artificial stone. It is gained by mixing cement, sand, and combining them with water. Fresh concrete can be shaped into almost any shape. Concrete became very widespread after the invention of Portland cement in the 19th century. However, it is limited tension resistance prevented its wide use in building construction. Steel bars are embedded in concrete to overcome this weakness to form a composite material called reinforced concrete.
The widespread use of reinforced concrete structure, especially in evolving countries, is due to its moderately low cost compared to other materials such as steel.
Putting a reinforced concrete basement into your brand-new home or completing an existing basement is one of the perfect investments you can make. Basements provide reasonable space for a variety of purposes, from an entertainment center, an office, or an extra bedroom. Concrete is a very widespread material used to construct basements. It is becoming the preferred option for complete flooring of basements because of its protection of moisture and various design options.
When planning your home, discuss with your builder about basement design ideas:
- Select basement entrance carefully
When placing a basement stairway, consider how the basement might be used. If you want to form the basement to establish an entertainment area, a stairway of the main entering or living area offers perfect access for guests. Putting a stairway along a basement wall opens up the basement for extreme floor plan opportunities.
- Stairway design
The basement stairway can be as striking as the main stairway of a double story home. Consider hardwoods with decorative junctions and posts for a rich old-style look. You can introduce wrought iron into your stairway design to take a bit of the garden indoors. Completing the walls of the basement stairway like the above-grade walls helps add interest and appeal.
- Do not scrimp on finishes
When picking a finish for any part of the basement, consider the type of activity that will take place in the space.
- Plan electrical outlets and utilities
When designing a reinforced concrete basement, consider the placement of electrical outlets and switches, HVAC ducts, and the entrance to the utility room and group main electrical collected in one area of the basement. This area can be left as an incomplete room that hides the utilities and gives you more design freedom in your basement living area.
- Consider a fireplace
A fireplace provides warmth and light. Consider installing a chimney at the time of construction.
- Consider a walk-out basement
Walk-out basements are a progressively popular feature in new homes nowadays. Mostly built on a sloping site that exposes the basement to the outdoor. A walk-out basement allows for maximum light and appropriate access for indoor-outdoor entertaining.