Malaria is a dreadful disease which occurs every year during the monsoon season. It is a disease which is caused by an infectious parasite. The parasite is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito, which is infected by the parasite.
In other words, the mosquito is transferring the infection from one person to another. The person suffering from the symptoms of malaria can feel the attacks of fever and chills for which Sinarest can be prescribed. Malaria is one of the most dangerous diseases and kills over 6 lakh people in a year.
Malaria is uncommon in the temperate climatic areas but is still present in the various tropical and subtropical nations. The health officials worldwide are trying hard to control the cases of malaria. Many nations have started the initiative by distributing bed nets to the people to prevent mosquito bites during sleep.
The health experts and scientists all over the world are researching methods to develop a preventive vaccine for this deadly disease. It is advisable to all the people who are travelling to the areas where the disease of malaria is prevalent to take medicine such cheston cold in advance.
Precautionary medicines should also be taken after the visit is completed to kill the parasites before they start spreading disease. It is reported that now a days many parasites related to malaria are immune from some of the most commonly used drugs that are used for its treatment.
Once the parasite of malaria enters the body of a person, they directly travel towards the liver. They gain their maturity- there and then start entering into the bloodstreams. They then start the process of infecting the red blood cells in the body.
Within about 48 – 72 hours, the parasites, those are present in the red blood cells multiply at a faster speed causing the cells carrying the infection burst open. In the meanwhile, the malaria parasites go further and continue infecting the red blood cells.
These results in various symptoms that tend to occur in a periodic cycle, which lasts 2 – 3 days at a time. Most of the cases of malaria are reported in the people who tend to travel different countries frequently.
Symptoms of Malaria
There are a few moderate to severe symptoms of this disease.
Chills – The person suffering from malaria can have symptoms of recurring chills within a fraction of seconds. The chills shall start the moment the person’s body temperature will start to rise. The person will experience continuous chills and can relax only after the fever come down.
High Fever – The person experiences high to very high fever in this disease. At times the body temperature rises to such a level that urgent medical help is required. It is advised to keep cool strips on the forehead of the person to bring down the body temperature.
Sweating – Once the body temperature comes down, the person might experience heavy sweating. Though he might feel as if he is out of danger, but it is not true. If not taken proper treatment and medications, the cycle keeps on repeating.
A headache – One of the severe symptoms of malaria is a headache. Many people have complained of having moderate to a severe headache all the time during the disease. A headache increases the weakness and dizziness of the person suffering from malaria.
Vomiting – If a person starts vomiting all of a sudden, then this can be a symptom of malaria. The infectious liver makes the food digestion process complicated by pushing the food backwards. In this situation, the person should be immediately taken to the doctor for a medical checkup.
Diarrhea – Diarrhea can also be a symptom of malaria. Though, it gets difficult to understand it in the first instance. It is generally combined with other symptoms as well. In case of diarrhea, make sure the person takes fluids in appropriate quantity. This will prevent the body from dehydrating.
When to consult a doctor?
If you experience any of the above mentioned symptoms, especially after travelling to a malaria prone area, you should immediately consult a doctor. You would be surprised to know that the malaria parasite can stay in the body in a dormant state for up to one year. If you experience the symptoms on a severe level, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
Causes of Malaria
- Transmission Cycle – The most common cause of malaria is from a transmission cycle. This is caused by a mosquito bite. The cycle of malaria transmission includes the following stages:
- Initially, there is an uninfected mosquito who gets the infection by biting a person suffering from malaria
- The next person on whom the mosquito will feed will get infected by malaria. This is because the mosquito has transmitted the virus into his body. The malaria parasites will enter your body.
- The parasites will directly travel towards and enter in to the liver. There are some parasites which can stay in your body for up to one year.
- The parasites will now leave the liver and start infecting the red blood cells in the body. This is the stage when you can develop the symptoms of the symptoms
- When this infected mosquito bites another person, the virus enters his body. In this manner, the infection is spread from one person to another.
- Other methods of transmission – Though the parasites are the prime source of transmission, but still, malaria can be spread through various other sources:
- Exposure of infected blood from mother to unborn child
- Exposure to infected blood by blood transfusion
- Exposure to infected blood by infected needles
Who are the most Vulnerable?
Lack of proper information and education or little access to health care services is also a major cause of malaria. The people who are most vulnerable to this disease are:
- Travelers who are native of a no malaria zone
- Children and infants
- The pregnant ladies and their fetus
Prevention Measures against Malaria
The worst thing about malaria is that it can reoccur at any point in time. In other words, there is no guarantee that once a person has suffered from malaria, then gets immune from it next time. Generally milder versions of malaria tend to stay back in the blood cells and relapse after some point of time.
The best prevention is to be proactive while traveling to an area which is prone to malaria. If you are traveling to a country which has a history of this disease, it is better to consult your doctor in a few months advance.
You can get a complete knowledge of the disease with the help of journals and the internet. You can ask the doctor for the medication procedures that you need to follow before, during and after your stay.
This will help you prevent your body front his deadly disease. The bad news is that there is no prescribed vaccine specifically for malaria. The health care professionals worldwide is still researching on the vaccines, which can immune a person from malaria.
The precautionary medicines are the same which are prescribed during malaria. It would be best if you could give complete details about the country you are visiting so that your doctor can give you the medicines accordingly. The medicines for malaria are specified according to the tropical regions and the intensity of the disease.
Reducing Mosquito Exposure
There are many countries where malaria is very common. Apart from medications, people also practice various precautionary measures to keep mosquitoes at bay. If you are also in such a city or country, you can try the following prevention techniques:
- Mosquito Sprays – You can find various brands of mosquito sprays in the market. These sprays contain chemicals which are very effective in keeping the mosquitoes away from the sprayed area. Make sure you do a proper spray every morning and evening. Because these are the times when mosquitoes are most active.
- Bed Net – During the monsoon season, many health care associations distribute bed nets free of costs to the nearby villagers. They are the people with minimum knowledge about the disease and most vulnerable. You can also purchase a bed net and use it during your sleeping hours. This will prevent mosquitoes from biting you and transferring the infection into your body. Make sure you use this for babies and infants.
- Cover – Another precaution is to wear fully covered clothes. Try to wear a full sleeved dress and full length bottoms. This will save you from mosquito bites. You can prevent malaria with this easy method.
- Body Sprays – Various companies have launched body and clothes mosquito repellant sprays. You can use these for yourself and your kids.
Generally, malaria is diagnosed with the help of blood tests. If the reports are positive, then make sure you take proper medications to finish the parasite. It is very important to be attentive to your surroundings if you wish to protect yourself from malaria.