PRP Therapy is an innovation that was initially used in the field of dentistry. PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma. PRP Injection is a painless and safe non-surgical treatment which normally uses platelets from an individual’s blood to repair damaged tissues and reduce inflammation. PRP injection has also been adopted by athletes, celebrities and individuals suffering from chronic pain from tendon injuries, osteoarthritis, and other musculoskeletal conditions.
How does PRP work?
PRP Therapy is a non-invasive technique which uses natural serums drawn from individual’s patient blood. A medical practitioner extracts blood from the patient and separates it in a centrifuge in order to separate the platelets from the blood. The separated platelet-rich plasma is then injected into the damaged tissues, muscles, tendons or cartridges using an ultrasound machine. The machine is meant for guiding the treatment.
Patients who have gone through the PRP treatment are able to resume their normal duties after a period of three months. PRP serum contains concentrated form of growth factors and other healing agents which are produced naturally by the body to aid in the healing of wounds, injuries and surgical procedures.
Dos and don’ts after PRP injection
After the therapy, patients are normally advised to avoid straining the affected joints for a few days. For patients who their daily activity does not involve strenuous activities, they are able to resume their duties a day after the treatment.
A doctor normally advises the patient to;
- Avoid use of anti-inflammatory pain medication. The doctor prescribes the medication to be used in case of pain.
- Make use of brace or sling in order to protect and immobilize the affected joint. In case of patients whose treatment involved the knee, ankle or hip, they are advised to use crutches.
- To reduce post injection pain and swelling, the patient is advised to use a cold compress several times in a day.
- The patient is advised to take lots of water and avoid alcohol and smoking. A balanced diet should also be adopted.
- After a successful injection, physical therapy is encouraged if the pain has reduced. The simple exercises are meant for strengthening muscles around the affected joints. This helps in reducing osteoarthritis symptoms as well as stop further joint degeneration.
Types of injuries treatable by PRP injection therapy
- PRP injection can effectively treat chronic tendon injuries such as inflammation of the patellar tendon at the knee, chronic Achilles tendonitis and tennis elbow.
- PRP Therapy treats acute sports injuries like ligament and muscle damage. Professional athletes suffering from pulled hamstring muscles, ankle injuries and knee sprain normally use PRP therapy to treat their condition.
- Scientists are researching on how the therapy can also be used to treat arthritic knees.
Research is still underway on how PRP Injection Therapy can be utilized to better people’s life. There are studies indicating that PRP can also be used to help patients suffering from infertility, eye problems and different kind of wounds without causing any injury.
Having drawn interest from high flying individuals, more research is guaranteed in order to develop different uses of PRP Therapy.