The massive infrastructural developments, heavy use of technology in educational institutes and companies, and connectivity throughout the world have been possible only due to transformers. While you’re reading about the many uses of this device, you’ve Michael Faraday and Joseph Henry to thank! They were the pioneers of developing the principle that a moving magnetic field has the capability of inducing voltage on either side of the coil endings.
To know a bit more about them, transformers are basically devices that can store electricity and then transform it from one circuit to another, without altering its frequency. It finds a wide usage in various types of mills depending on which one they need – a step up transformer or a step down transformer. Since there’s a lot of energy transfer that takes place, transformers can get heated up quickly and unless you take care of the same, there are high chances of your transformer’s insulation getting destroyed.
In order to look after the heat dissipation, you need to cool down the transformer by using any of the various methods. Oil cooling is a highly preferable one and that’s why oil cooled transformer remain popular across various industries. In an oil cooling transformer, oil is passed through the transformers at regular intervals. Though this method is highly effective, companies try to use additional measures by taking in use radiators. These things are sufficient for cooling a transformer.
Another way of keeping the transformer’s heat dissipation in check is by installing dry type transformers. Dry type ones are installed in an area where there’s good ventilation. Before installing the transformers, it should be checked clearly by an expert whether the ventilation is good enough for the transformers to cool down on their own and avoid overheating. Once the spot is Okayed by the engineer/expert, you can go ahead and install the transformer. Due to the presence of good ventilation, transformers can cool down automatically and prevent the device from failing.
Transformers are not just limited to oil cooled and dry type. There are a lot of other ones available in the market. There’s the forced air type, water cooled and liquid coolant ones. In the forced air type, air is forced from an external source to keep the temperature in check. As for the water and liquid coolant ones, they are pretty self explanatory. If you look out for top power transformer companies in India, you can get all the possible types.