Steel beams are a type of structural steel common in building and construction. They can be fabricated in an array of different shapes and sizes to meet the requirements of any build. Let’s take a closer look at steel beam fabrication.
What Is Structural Steel?
Structural steel is term for steel that has been fabricated specifically for use an a structural element of a building or other structures (towers, bridges, ships, pipelines etc). It is categorised into shapes, each with their own compositional properties that are regulated by standards which differ between different countries. Steel beams are one of the most common types of structural steel.
Common Types of Steel Beams
Tapered Flange Beams
Taper flange beams are I-shaped sections and are also available in a wide-variety of sizes. In construction these are often used for cross-sections of girders. Though they have quite high resistance ratios, they are not usually recommended when pressure is present along their length as they are not torsion (twisting) resistant.
Universal beams, also known ad I-beams or H-beams, are shaped like their namesake: an ‘I’ when standing upright, and a ‘H’ on their side. Universal beams are usually made of structural steel and are used in construction and civil engineering, among other industries.
Welded beams is made up of 3 individual plates of steel that are welded together, consisting of a top flange, web and bottom flange. Flanges and web dimensions are fabricated to match load requirements along the length of the beam. They are used in construction and for industrial applications such as cranes.
Universal columns are also widely used for structural purposes. They are similar to beams and are often called I-beams or H-beams, however, all three sections are equal in length. As their name suggests, they are mainly used for columns, and have fantastic load-bearing capabilities.
Steel Beam Fabrication
High quality steel beam fabrication is crucial for ensuring the integrity of the structural elements of a build are absolute. It may seem like a straight forward process, but years of professional experience and technical knowledge are required for steel beam fabrication, and therefore it is imperative you work with an expert metal fabricator.
If you are considering steel beam fabrication for any construction purposes and would like a professional opinion, we can help. Our team of experts have the experience and knowledge to answer any of your questions about structural steel and will ensure that you find the best solution to suit your needs.