The symptoms in girls and boys differ; this is why in many girls’ cases the issue remains undiagnosed. In girl’s cases, there is not the issue of hyperactivity, but the issue of remaining focused and paying attention. In most of the girls diagnosed with ADHD, there is not present any sort of disruptive behavior.
Treatment & Care
ADHD management usually involves medication, therapy or both. Although the state of the patient is significantly improved due to therapy and medication, the condition is not entirely removed.
- Behavioral therapies for ADHD. It has been proven that this kind of therapies show effectiveness in those suffering from ADHD. However, these are more effective in preschoolers, and only if the symptoms are mild. The therapies with the highest rates of success are cognitive behavioral training (CTB), psycho-educational therapies, interpersonal psychotherapy, school-based intervention, family therapy, social skills training, parent management training etc. Also, there are some ADHD support groups, that seem to help those suffering from it and their families cope better with the condition. Moreover, regular physical exercise seems to diminish the symptoms significantly as well.
- Medication for ADHD. The most common type of medical treatment for those with ADD-ADHD is stimulant medication. In more than 82% of those taking some sort of medication, it seems to have effects on at least one of the symptoms. Most seem to accept the fact that Methylphenidate diminishes the symptoms the most. On the market, there are available non-stimulant medications for ADHD as well. Clonidine, atomoxetine and bupropion are widely used for treating ADHD. In many cases, non-stimulant medication shows little effects. Instead, stimulant medication seems to improve academic results in children significantly. This is a source of controversy, because while stimulant medication improves the state of those with this condition, it is also highly addictive. However, regardless of the type of medication one chooses to follow in this condition, there always appear side-effects. An overdose of ADHD stimulant medication will trigger stimulant psychosis and mania. These appear even in therapeutic doses, but the rate at which they do is incredibly small (0.01%). Regardless of the medical therapy of choice, the subject should always be monitored by a professional.
- Diet for ADHD. Dietary modifications seem to be beneficial for patients with ADHD. A research from 2013 showed that children suffering from ADHD on a free fatty acid diet seem to diminish the symptoms. Also, giving up artificial food coloring from diet seems to help as well. A study from 2016, on the contrary, claims that gluten-free diets are not recommended for those suffering from ADHD. Also, certain specialists claim that lower tissue zinc levels may be associated with ADHD. Modest effects of omega 3 fatty acid supplements on ADHD have been proven.