There are many different types of emergency rescue stretchers used for all kinds of rescue operations, we will go through the main types of emergency stretchers in this list below.
Basket stretchers are stretchers used to transport injured patients down or up a path, most commonly used on paths such as terrain, down or up mountain slopes, wooden areas, and other large fields that emergency rescuers need to go through carefully. In a situation where there are obstacles on the ground and the emergency, the crew needs to be mindful of their steps, a basket stretcher is used so that the crew won’t need to place too much care and emphasis on the patient inside the basket, but also on the ground. These stretches are considered some of the most versatile for emergency operations that revolve around mountains and mines, they are also thick enough to float around in the water without putting the patient in danger, and there are hooks on the outer rim that can be attached and dragged around by the emergency operators. The stretcher is also able to be lifted in the sky by ropes whenever the patient needs to be transferred to a helicopter or somewhere with an altitude.
Scoop stretchers are stretchers used to transport injured patients who have a broken spine. The stretcher is designed with belts on the bottom so that the spine injury won’t have much weight put on it so the patient won’t be in more pain. The material of the stretcher has a scissor-type opening so that the patient will be able to be scooped from opposite sides of the body, making for a much easier patient pick up. The stretcher is also designed so that the patient doesn’t need to be picked up and place on the stretcher so that the patient won’t feel and more discomfort and pain than they need to. The scoop stretcher cannot be used when there are obstacles on the ground that emergency operators need to be mindful of, since the injured patient is suffering from spinal damage and is in a very vulnerable and delicate state, the emergency operators must be very careful when dealing with the patient and have their full attention focused on him. The whole point of the scoop stretcher is to make sure that the injured patient won’t feel much more discomfort than they need to.
Back Board Stretcher :
Backboards, also known as spinal boards, are stretchers that are typically used for injured patients who either have a spinal injury, similar to the scoop stretcher, or a leg injury, there are also some cases where patients who have an arm injury can be put into this board. The stretcher is designed so that it may firmly hold the patient’s body in a straight arrow so that the patient may not suffer any more pain than they are already in. Spine boards are typically used to transfer an injured patient to the ambulance stretcher, unlike other stretchers mentioned, the spinal board stretcher is not used for long-term carrying and is a temporary stretcher used to get to a more reliable stretcher. Spinal board stretchers have the mechanical design of being slim and are usually developed from plastic, wood, or another slim but concrete hard substance that will be sure to place the injured patient flat on its back. Another primary beneficial tool to the spinal board stretcher is that the slim design makes it easy for it to be picked up and not too heavy to lift. Another benefit of the spinal board stretcher is that if the injured patient is in extreme pain and is very vulnerable, there are hole grasps on the outer rim where multiple emergency responders can grab, and therefore the patient will be in more care and less pain.
The most common type of stretcher and also the most useful type is a wheeled stretcher. The wheeled stretcher is used in transporting a highly injured patient from one point to another, typically long distances as the material used in the stretcher make it much easier for the emergency operators to roll the patient around. The wheel accessory used in the stretcher makes it so that the emergency operators can have a much easier time moving the patient, rather than manually lifting the patient in the air and carrying them, which can risk injury. Wheeled stretchers are also extremely beneficial as it allows for simple accessory to the ambulance. Where you would need to safely put an injured patient on the ambulance when they are in a handheld stretcher, the wheel stretcher allows for easy compatibility by folding the legs on the stretcher and lifting it with ease. This allows the emergency operators to not risk moving the patient and the patient can remain lying down in the stretcher the whole time.