An access ramp for a disabled person must be chosen according to the height of the obstacle to be overcome with his wheelchair or electric scooter, and the type of wheelchair used: manual wheelchair or electric wheelchair. The ease of use, transport, and storage of removable ramp or the threshold ramp must also be considered in your choice.
Type of removable access ramp
There are 3 types of access ramp for the disabled: wide ramp, dual ramp, and threshold ramp.
The full double wheelchair ramps and handrails are made to overcome obstacles tall, unlike a threshold ramp that is designed to cross the threshold of a door in a wheelchair or a doorway for access window a terrace or in the garden. However, they can be heavier to transport than double ramps. On the storage side, they can be folded up like a suitcase, or rolled up depending on the model.
The threshold ramps can be single or double. A single threshold ramp makes it possible to close the door, or the window to be crossed without having to be moved, unlike the double threshold ramp which is in one piece, and makes it possible to cross an obstacle.
The height of the obstacle
The length of the adequate ramp is determined by the height of the obstacle to be overcome, and the type of wheelchair used. Always choose the longest ramp possible by rounding to the upper ramp length.
Sometimes it does not take much to make an establishment accessible, where often only a step prevents entry. For a person in a wheelchair, having a removable and foldable ramp can be a good troubleshooting solution. Through this article, here are some tips and solutions to make your life easier if you are in a wheelchair, but also if you have an establishment to make accessible like a business.
The access ramp
This is essential equipment allowing people in wheelchairs to access different places. It allows obstacles to be overcome, for example a sidewalk, a window threshold or stairs. Thanks to its installation, an establishment will be able to meet the status of “disabled-welcoming”. To obtain good quality access ramps, go to the branded stores, specialist in the sale of medical equipment.
The different types of access ramps
To facilitate accessibility for people with disabilities, we can use different models of access ramps, namely:
- Mobile ramps which can make a place or a building accessible, even without work.
- Threshold ramps that allow you to cross a height difference of between 15 to 100mm. These ramps are more aesthetic, robust and are easy to install.
- Modular fixed ramps allow people with disabilities to have a little independence.
Standards relating to access ramps
For public buildings, the 2005 legislation imposes certain standards on them in terms of slope. Thus, it is imperative that:
- The slope is less than 5% for disabled people in wheelchairs without assistance.
- The slope is 8% for a length less than 2 m
- The slope is 10% for a length less than 50 cm