What’s a conveyor belt, you ask? Well, in the simplest terms, this is a continuous, in-motion belt of any fabric or metal or rubber, that’s suited for moving objects from one point to another. It’s one of the basic tools in materials handling industries, and perfect for transporting bulky stuff. This system comprises of two or more pulleys, along with a never-ending loop of carrying medium i.e. the conveyor belt.
There are various types of conveyors and they generally consist of frames that support rollers, wheels or belts, etc. It definitely depends on the type of work and the environment in which it needs to be placed. That’s how you come to know whether you need conveyor belts or conveyor rollers. Wainwright Engineering Services though is such a company that provides its outstanding services in all kinds of conveyors. You can even customize, according to your business needs. So cool! Isn’t it?
Conveyor belt problems that you need to deal with and how:
If subjected to poor maintenance, it won’t be long before your belt conveyor stops working. It may undergo rapid belt wear-and-tear, leading to frequent stoppages and increased downtime. This, is turn, will have a negative consequence on your businesses profits and productivity. So, the need of the hour is to raise awareness on such issues that can potentially hamper your happy relationship with conveyor belts, and the ways to overcome them.
- Belt off-tracking: This is basically, when the belt of the conveyor comes off its allotted track. It’s a serious issue as it can lead to damage of the equipment, material spillage, as well as deterioration of the belt. This problem may arise due to a number of reasons, such as asymmetric loading, material pressure on the components and parts, belt tension etc. A conveyor audit is useful when you want to identify all the possible causes of this issue, and hence, rectify it. You can even take the help of self-training idlers that will make sure the belt maintains its straight path henceforth.
- Material Carry back: This problem occurs when little amounts of the material being carried, adhere itself to the belt. This results in the accumulation of stuff under the conveyor system or on rollers or pulleys, which are sitting idle in the system. Some sticky materials (like clay or specific mineral ores) are the bigger culprits of this issue. Though the amount may seem negligible, over time, it adds up to be quite substantial. So, it leads to inefficient performance of the conveyor, safety hazards and of course, increased clean-up costs. Simple solutions like installation of belt cleaners that are designed to overcome carry back, or avoiding the carrying of fugitive material, are the best ones. These will ultimately increase the belt life and prevent unnecessary costs for you.
- Damage to the Belt: Such a situation may arise due to a variety of reasons. These include excessive force or impact upon the belt, poor application of cleaners or sealing systems, damaged components etc. It can also be due to off-tracking of the belts or inefficient pulley action in the system. As, belts are THE most expensive and key asset of the conveyor, it’s crucial to detect and solve the problem. For instance, you can install impact idlers near the loading zone, that in turn will neutralize the force of materials when they fall. This will reduce the wear and tear to the belt; also the correct pulley lagging will increase the frictional forces, therefore, preventing belt slippage.
So, these were some of the main points, you need to note down in your conveyor handbook. These are the most probable causes and types, of any problem that your conveyor belt may face, today or tomorrow! So, keep these in check, and you and your conveyor belt will live happily ever after.