Today we depend on technical devices for many day-to-day tasks. With the availability of different gadgets, users need to connect them for the transfer of data. USB cables and connectors help us to connect with various devices.
However, there are various types of USB cables and connectors available. Users need to know which kind of connector they need to use for a specific device. This post explains multiple types of USB connectors you need to know.
USB type A
Also called as the USB standard A, the connector is used on a host of controllers in the computer systems. USB-A has a flat and rectangular interface to hold the connection in place. The A-type connector offers a downstream connection for host controllers and hubs. Most computer systems come with USB-A ports. Moreover, some televisions, gaming consoles, and other devices also have USB-A ports.
The type B USB connectors are square-shaped and are used for connecting other devices like printers to a computer. However, the type B ports are not much popular these days as most gadgets come with a smaller connection.
Almost all the devices such as digital cameras, gaming consoles, music players, come with a USB mini B or micro B connection. Therefore, the connectors and cables also come with a mini and micro pin.
USB Mini B
The USB mini B connectors are similar to the type B but with a smaller form factor. Mini USB connectors come with five pins, and the extra ID pin is there to support the OTG devices. Earlier the smartphones and other gadgets come with mini USB B port, but now most of the devices come with a compact micro USB type B port. There are two types of USB mini B connectors.
Mini B 5-pin
Mini B connectors were made to overcome a major drawback of type B connectors that is their large size. Due to large size, the UCB type B connectors were not suitable to use on many compact devices like cellphones, PDAs, and digital cameras. The mini B 5-pin connector is the most popular type B that is two-third the size of USB A connector.
Mini B 4-pin
Unlike the typical 5-pin Mini-B connector, this comes in many devices like digital cameras, especially on various Kodak models. The mini B 4 pin connector resembles the standard B-style connector, with beveled corners; however, it is smaller than standard B style connectors.
USB Micro B
The micro USB type B is the standard for connectivity in most mobile and portable gadgets. The micro USB port is smaller than the mini USB and is usually present in all the latest smartphones. Many external hard drives for storage come with micro B port and cable. However, many device manufacturers are offering their most recent devices with a USB C port.
USB type C
The USB type is the latest connectivity standard in the market. The connector had a reversible and symmetrical design. You can plug it not any device with a USB C port. The specialty of USB C cable is that it can carry the USB 1.1, USB 2.0., ISB 3.0 and USB 3.1 signals.
The USB C type connectors come with in-built support for DisplayPort videos and the four-channel home theater system. You can find it on many devices like laptops, smartphones, digital cameras, and gaming consoles.
The lightning connectivity is not a real USB standard, but it is the Apple company’s proprietary connector. Apple has featured all its devices like iPhone, iPad, AirPods, with the lightning ports. The connector is of a similar size to the USB-C type and comes as standard on all the Apple devices that came after September 2012.
USB OTG (On the Go)
A USB OTG port and cable enables users to connect a smartphone or tab to other devices like keyboards, mouse, and computer. However, you need an OTG adapter to connect the device to other peripherals. You can connect a smartphone with an OTG port to a computer, laptop, and use it as a mass storage device.
The HDMI connector is the present standard interface for connecting two or more audio and video devices with each other. They are made to transmit digital audio and video signal to the televisions and display screens. The HDMI ports and cables support high definition video signals and digital Dolby surround audio signals. Although the earlier devices don’t have an HDMI Cable port, the present TVs and display devices come with HDMI connectivity.
These are the types of USB ports available on the present devices. To connect a device with other devices, you need the same kind of cable as the port present on the device. The latest USB connectivity standards like the type C and OTG offers high speed and data transfer between devices.