Steel castings are a commonplace element in manufacturing industries. Likewise, carbon steel castings in India are an equally demanded component. It is an iron-based ferrous alloy that holds a carbon content of about 0.75 percent. This indicates that the tensile strength, durability, dimensional stability, and performance capabilities of the carbon steel castings are incredibly more than simple iron (gray iron, ductile iron, and malleable iron) goods. Depending upon the type of mechanical work expected to be completed using devices made from carbon steel, different industries use different compositions of the same. The following list gives a detailed account of the manufacturing industries that use carbon steel:
1. Low Carbon Steel
As the name suggests, low carbon steel is the simplest and cheapest form of carbon steel. It has a carbon content of about 0.05 – 0.25%, as a result of which it is exceedingly malleable and soft to be used in heavy work industries. However, after thorough processing, it can be made to acquire a hard surface, abrasion resistant, and excellent ductility. As per their capabilities, low carbon steel is used across the following industries:
- Household Projects
Construction of houses, offices, public buildings, etc. is complete without brackets. And these self-same brackets are manufactured using low carbon steel.
- Pipe and Fitting Industries
Casings of plumbing businesses and engine pipes are made out of low carbon steel to ease the passage of fluids through them.
2. Medium Carbon Steel
The carbon density in medium carbon steels usually ranges between 0.29 – 0.54%. Thus, they are significantly durable, pliable, and possess good tensile strength. Its endurance towards shocks and vibrations and improved ductility make it a better alternative to low carbon steel. Considering its properties, Casting Exporters in India are suggested to the following industries:
- Aerospace and Spacecraft
Launching rockets and satellites bear a huge amount of load as well as thrust as they suspend from the land. In the same way, airplanes and helicopters are also under immense pressure while taking a flight. Hence, to keep them light on weight and increase their endurance towards atmospheric shocks, air-frame parts made of medium carbon steel are used in it.
- Turbine Manufacturing
Hydraulic Machinery is required to be strong as well as light for producing the amount of energy desired. Carbon steel thereby makes for the best choice as it allows a freedom of structure to engineers and facilitates the energy transfer/generation process. The easy manufacturing process for the different shaped and sized turbine fans also help in designing the turbines instantaneously.
3. High Carbon Steel
It is the best form of carbon steel castings in India that is available for use to manufacturing industries. It has about 0.55 – 0.95% of carbon content and hence it can withstand the testing temperature, pressure,and moisture conditions. Its high tensile strength is also an attribute that makes it resistant to abrasion and internal wear during operation. The machines that use high carbon steel as a structural element can be enumerated as follows:
- Automobiles and Two Wheelers
Crankshafts are an important component of cars and bicycles. They are made of carbon steel as they operate under varied pressure ranges.
Carbon steel casting manufacturers India has been making a name for them in the international market. Their high quality and refined properties have helped them etch a name for themselves in the manufacturing business. Additionally, their dynamic range of capabilities also acts as a boon for companies that are struggling with heavy machinery. Low cost of maintenance, efficient output, and promising active life are just a few more reasons why carbon steel is taking over machine manufacturing rapidly.