What is a Data Center?
A data center is a place where companies store their servers to function uninterruptedly and in a protected manner. There exist multiple world-class data centers in the world. The list of top-notch data centers includes Range International Information Group data center Langfang, Switch Super Nap data center Nevada, Utah Data Center USA, Microsoft Data Center Lowa, QTS Metro Atlanta, GA data center, and many more. All these data centers provide world-class services so; you can approach any of them to store and secure your data.
Data Center Consolidation
Data center consolidation is the strategy of an organization to reduce IT footprint and overall operating cost either by using more efficient technologies or merging one or more facilities. Nowadays the IT industries preferably use consolidation technologies including server and storage virtualization, mainframes with smaller blade server systems, cloud computing, better capacity, and automation process tools.
Data Center Colocation
Data center collocation is primarily the space provided by a data center or IT service providers. It is a process of renting physical office space, and network by an organization within an existing data center to deploy its own data center. This process enables sharing of the current pool of data center resources which companies use for implementing and hosting data center services for external customers.
Data Center Tiers
The physical size and style do not define a data center; however, various levels of reliability define a data center. That is why, in 2005, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) published Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers named ANSI/TIA-942 to define four tiers of the data center. Each subsequent layer intends to provide more security, and reliability than the previous level. For instance, a tier four data center offers redundant subsystems and high protection than tier one.
However, small businesses can operate successfully with multiple servers and storage arrays networked within a small room. Whereas prominent computing organizations such as Facebook, Amazon, Google, and many more need an enormous warehouse space with data center equipment and infrastructure. Apart from this, there are also cases when companies assemble data centers in mobile installations such as shipping containers known as data centers in a box. Such data centers are movable and can be deployed wherever required.
Data Center Architecture and Design
Although most of the suitable spaces can serve as a data center; however, what matters the most is the deliberate design and implementation of a data center. The availability and efficiency goals guide all the issues required for the architecture and design of a data center. Apart from cost and taxes, companies first select data center sites by geographic location, seismic and meteorological stability, access to roads and airports, and availability of energy and telecommunications. After securing the place, the composition and layout of the IT equipment, and the data center design architecture with attention to the mechanical and electrical infrastructure.
Energy Consumption and Efficiency
Data center designs recognize the importance of energy efficiency in a data center. A pure data center needs only a few kilowatts of energy. Whereas, a business-scale data center installation demands tens of megawatts of power or even more than that. Nowadays, the green data center is growing vastly. So, IT companies designed green data centers with the usage of low-emission building materials, catalytic converters, and alternative energy technologies for minimum environmental impact.
Organizations measure data center energy efficiency through power usage effectiveness (PUE) metric. This metric represents the ratio of total power entering the data center divided by the power used by IT equipment. However, the subsequent rise of virtualization resulting in much higher efficiency, lower energy use, and energy cost mitigation has allowed the more productive use of IT equipment. That is why metrics such as PUE are no more a center of attraction to energy efficiency goals.
Safety and Security of a Data Center
Data center designs implement sound safety and security practices. The corridors of data centers accommodate the movement of large IT equipment and permit employees to access and repair the infrastructure. So, the doorways are prime reason responsible for the safety of a data center. Other critical safety areas are fire suppression, the extensive use of sensitive, high-energy electrical and electronic equipment, badge access, and video surveillance. Also, they use environment-friendly chemical fire suppression systems to effectively starve a fire of oxygen while diminishing collateral damage to the equipment.
Infrastructure Management and Monitoring of a Data Center
Modern data centers use monitoring and management software to monitor and manage all the actions of data centers. IT administrators take care of the facility and equipment, measure performance, detect failures and implement a wide range of remedial actions through this software and without ever physically entering the data center room.
Above that, virtualization supports the abstraction of servers, networks, and storage, and organizes computing resources into pools. Then administrators look after workloads, storage instances, and network configuration from these resource pools. When administrators no longer need these resources, they return them to the pool for reuse. The software implements all of these actions by giving traction to the software-defined data center.
To conclude, the terms mentioned above are all the essential information you must know about a data center.
Author Bio: Albert Harris is the content creator of DataSite which provides world-class data centers along with top-notch network connectivity and provides data center colocation from single cabinets to multi-megawatt suites.