A French drain is considered an excellent solution for a wet basement or a soggy yard. This drainage system removes surface-level water from your fields. This underground guttering system is commonly used for removing waterfrom yards as well as inside homes.
How Does a French Drain Work?
A French drain is basically a trench, in the yard or basement, for moving water away from your home. The early entry point works as a drain as it is at a higher level than the piping system. Water enters it and is piped away from your building to an exit point located far away.
These drains work on the simple principle of gravity, creating a channel that heads downhill and away from your home.Typically a gravel-filled trench is created for the water to run into, which then falls into a perforatedpipe installed at the bottom.
Exit Point for French Drains
The exit point should be low-lying and far away from the building. The following areas or structures, thus, qualify for emptying the water:
- Dry well
- Drainage ditch
- Some low-lying area on your property
- Storm drain
Who Needs a French Drain?
If your property has water drainage problems, you can benefit from a French drain. Your home should have it if it has the following issues:
- The soil is soggy and there is standing water
- The yard has a retaining wall on a hillside
- There is regular basement flooding
If your property has a retaining wall on a hillside, the French drain can be designed to protect the structure by reducing hydrostatic pressure or lateral load on the wall.
There are many benefits of installing a French drain on your property over other drainage solutions. The most noticeable ones are as follows:
- Resolves Drainage Issue: It prevents water from flooding your property. Not only can the water buildup damage your property, cleaning it is time-consuming and expensive.
- Environment-Friendly: Adding a French drain is a step towards going green. It can be constructed using environment-friendly materials that can be beneficial for both the environment and your wallet.
- Enhances Value of Your Property: Adding a French drain to your property certainly increases its value.
There are even more reasons why French drains are so popular with homeowners. The absence of moving parts increases their service life. This also eliminates any chances that they will stop working. When installed properly by a certified and experienced professional, they can last for a long time. The only maintenance they require is clearing any dirt, silt, or debris buildup once a year. An electric snake can make it easy to clean the drain. Access can be gained by removing the cover or disconnecting the downspout, depending on the design.Snaking out the drain breaks most obstructions and clogs. Sometimes tree roots may also invade the drain and requires professional cleaning.
Installing a French Drain
Before you alter your yard it is important to identify the cause of the drainage problem. Most commonly the slope of the yard is the cause. Look for depression areas in your yard where water may pool. Also check the topsoil and subsoil whetherit is made up of sand, clay, or loam.
The International Association of Certified Home Inspection suggests an inspection of the French drainage system for installation. It is important to ensure the correct installation to prevent damage to the surrounding structures. This makes it important to choose a professional and experienced drain company or contractor to ensure your French drain is well-planned and correctly installed.
The right professionals will conduct a thorough inspection of your property before creating a plan. A proper and custom design and layoutcan help you achieve the optimal results for your yard and prevent any potential issues.