Healthcare system is generally divided into three levels of care; primary, secondary and tertiary. Secondary and tertiary care refers to expert health care from specialists in higher hospitals where patients are referred from primary care.
Primary care is the first point of entry into the health care system. It is the patient’s main source for regular checkups and medical care ideally providing all the integrated health services according to their individual needs. The aim is to provide broad-spectrum preventive and curative care to patients and addressing their health problems in a gratifying manner.
Primary care accounts for almost 80% of the total visits to a physician and includes common ailments, such as epidemic illnesses and infections, allergies, minor sprains, strains and fractures, arthritis, diabetes, depression, hypertension and preventive measures (e.g. mammograms, vaccinations, and screening tests). It aims at improving the quality of life by counseling the patient about the importance of good nutrition, balanced diet, exercise, and mental health.
What are the aims and objectives of primary health care?
Primary health care is playing a major role in the lives of isolated and deprived communities that have no access to basic healthcare. Professionals help to diagnose their conditions and referrals are made if required.
What’s new in primary health care?
- To promote general public health and make the necessary measures to eradicate and control epidemic diseases.
- To play an important part in the health and wellbeing of people.
- To establish a strong connection with society
- Improves the quality of life
- Increased access to quality health services
Types of primary care services
There are various different types of primary care providers, and each is responsible for a patient’s entry into the health care system for referrals or advice. It includes nurse practitioner, general physicians, gynecologist, obstetrician, pediatrician, a geriatrician, and many others.
Each practitioner deals with a certain group of patients with particular characteristics and specializes in related problems. It’s important to mention that non-primary care manhattan medical arts physicians do not offer the same degree of comprehensive services because they are related to a particular medical specialty.
A family doctor takes complete care of its patient’s health instead of the mere treatment of diseases. He is responsible for providing continued and comprehensive primary and preventive care to an individual or family within his community with an aim to ensure sound physical, social and psychological fitness of patients.
Division of family practice is a community-based group of family physicians who work in close proximity with each other to achieve common health care goals.
A strong primary health care system is the key element to achieve health for all.
Management of chronic diseases
Chronic diseases are long term conditions that progress slowly with time such as diabetes, dialysis management, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, arthritis, cystic fibrosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease etc. These health conditions require constant care and attention and patients require constant solace and motivation from doctors which can only be delivered by a strong system of primary care.
Chronic disease management (CDM) is the ongoing care and guidance to patients suffering from chronic diseases which they require for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Good CDM should be team based and well-coordinated, should focus on health promotion and wellbeing of patients, easily accessible and should encourage and educate the patients to regularly visit the health care center.
Detecting silent diseases before they strike!
Some diseases can be treated if they are diagnosed in early stages and cancer comes on top of the list along with AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Parkinsonism and others. Cancer is the greatest challenge for today’s world and it is completely curable if detected at early stages which can only be achieved by a well-established primary care system.
Reduced need for specialist care
Primary health care in a timely and helpful manner with proper support can reduce the patients need to visit a specialist. When primary health care practitioners are able to make timely interventions and encourage preventive measures, it reduces the risks of chronic diseases.
Patient- Practitioner Relationship
The foundation of a strong relationship between the patient and practitioner is based on trust, compatibility, and care. Patients should feel comfortable to discuss all their symptoms and mental health problems with their physician. So a friendly environment should be maintained so that patients feel free to share their complicated problems.
Each practitioner has its own unique and different way of interacting with the patients so you might need to try several practitioners and then select the one that right fits your needs and you are comfortable to share all your problems.
Primary care is all about taking care of the patients to create empowered people and communities.it is a fundamental part of the training of all health professionals. It lays the foundation of a strong relationship between the patient and doctor which continues over time. It is based upon the strong foundation of trust and care for humanity and passion and dedication to helping others willfully without any lust towards materialism.
The purpose of human life is to serve and to show compassion and the will to help others~ Albert Schweitzer