Teenage pregnancy is a major concern in many countries across the globe. In the USA for example, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists estimate that about 750,000 teenagers aged between 15 and 19 years get pregnant every year. Teenage pregnancy can simply be described as unplanned pregnancy during adolescence.
One of the main reasons to why are so many teens getting pregnant is because of peer pressure. In an effort to remain relevant when with their friends, most teens allow themselves to be influenced by their friends actions and opinion. They therefore end up making irrational decisions such as getting involved in teenage sex, which sadly leads to unplanned pregnancy. In this respect, knowing about and getting involved in sex is glorified, which misleads many teenagers.
Living in a fast-paced world as we do is also another reason for teenage pregnancy. Teen girls no longer get the important parental guidance and advice because parents are always busy and spare very little time for their teens. However, there are parents who have the time but fail to talk to their teens on matters relating to their sexuality. Without proper guidance, teens look elsewhere for knowledge about sexuality, which ends up as experiment, leading to unwanted pregnancy.
Media can also be said to contribute to increased teenage pregnancy across the globe. The movie industry in particular has completely changed how sex and pregnancy is viewed. Teenage pregnancy is now portrayed in movies as something glamorous, driving many teens to indulge in unprotected sex.
Studies undertaken in different regions of the world have also identified lack of knowledge as one of the main reasons for teenage pregnancy. It is worth noting that while sex education forms part of education curriculum in some countries educational institutions, majority of education institutions in many countries do not offer sex education. Such are in most cases education institutions with religious backgrounds that prohibit teaching of sex in schools. From study results, the number of teens taught about sex who get pregnant was very low compared to the number of teens who have never been taught about the same.
Although sad and regrettable, sexual abuse including rape has been identified as on of the main reasons of why are so many teenagers getting pregnant. Interestingly, the number of teenagers getting raped or sexual abused even by male relatives is very high in particular countries.
Of all reasons, teenage drinking is probably the main reason for the increased number of teens getting pregnant. This is simply because of the fact that majority of teens engage in drinking and use of illicit drugs, which impairs their ability to make informed decisions when confronted with sexual temptations.