In this article, Oliver King, the Semalt Customer Success Manager, is going to tell you how tons of information can be transformed into neuron Wikipedia (Wiki). Scientists and healthcare professionals have gathered data about millions to billions of neurons in our brain, and most of them have used the data to create a kind Wiki for the neurons. The website, NeuroElectro, helped accelerate the advancements of neuroscience research and provided centralized resources for gathering and comparing the data of neuronal functions. The description of this data is available only in the Journal of Neurophysiology. Our neurons are divided into more than 250 types based on the physical and functional features. The researchers have studied the properties and functions of different types of neurons for years, and the resulting data is scattered across hundreds to thousands of scientific papers and scholarly articles. The researchers of Carnegie Mellon University recently turned to data and tried to organize the data in a better way. Nathan Urban from the university’s BrainHubSM department says that if you want to build a brain, you should know what parts are working the most. We know almost everything about the neurons and which part of the brain they are present, but little is known about the functions and detailed properties. To accelerate the understanding of the neurons, we should determine how they function and what their properties are.
Collect, add and refine
Tripathy from the University of British Columbia collected and standardized the data for different types of neurons. He then published the data on his personal blog. As he had collected the data using the text mining, some researchers found that it contained errors and they need to be fixed as soon as possible. Tripathy and his group members validated the data but did not create any mechanism that could prevent the users from flagging the website.
The website helped the researchers find the groups of neurons that possess same physiological properties and provides the better understanding of how the neurons function. For instance, if a scientist finds that a neuron in our brain’s neocortex is fired, they may look at the other neurons and ensure that they are functioning properly. With that information, a lot of research papers have been written, and the new hypothesis has been built. To understand how neuroelectro.org could be used, some scientists have compared the electrophysiological data of more than thirty types of neurons that were also talked about in different kinds of literature. It included the pyramidal neuron in the hippocampus, which is responsible for our memory, and the dopamine neuron of the midbrain, which is responsible for addictions and our behavior. The National Institute on Deafness, the Pennsylvania Department of Health’s Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program, and the National Science Foundation supported this paperwork.
Shreejoy J. Tripathy worked in the Urban’s laboratory and graduated from the University of Pittsburgh Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition (CNBC) Program in Neural Computation. He chose more than 10,000 published papers, which combined the physiological data detailing how the neurons responded to different inputs. He made the wise use of text-mining algorithms for reading all of his papers. This software successfully found the proportions of neurons and retrieved information about how the experiments were completed.